ABOUT WOMEN PHOTOGRAPHERS CURRENTLY ACTIVE IN ITALY,
EUROPE AND THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION
order to contribute to overwhelm, at least for the present, this gap,
I decided to present my project "WOMEN PHOTOGRAPHERS " NET "to Committee
BOLOGNA 2000 European City of Culture. I think that till to day in Europe
nobody has produced a census about contemporary women photographers.
culture of the image, the education to its use and its perception in
the communication and in the art need to be nourished: with my project
and the convention I organized I hope to create a moment of exchange
of ideas and experiences.
order to produce the most adherent census about the professional work
of the photographers, I sent a questionnaire (in Italian, English, French
and Spanish) to many European contemporary colleagues who have multiplied
thanks to the solidarity of many of them.
the questionnaire I asked them to send three meaningful images of their
production and to answer to the relative questions about their biography
and works (CV, list of exhibitions, kind of photographs, and so on)
I created a web site in Italian, English, French and Spanish, loaded
on many Italian and European server and I created links with other european
web sites about photography. The project and the questionnaire have
been therefore sent you to the other European Cities of the Culture
(for year 2000: Avignon, Bergen, Brussels, Helsinki, Krakow; Prague,
Reykjavik, Santiago di Compostela) and to the most important photographic
agencies in Europe. In the questionnaire I asked the photographers to
list the titles of their available expositions, indicating the subject,
the number and the format of the images.
Photographers' Net is today can purpose more than 250 ready exposition
of women photographers coming from: ITALY FRANCE GERMANY SWITZERLAND
GREAT BRITAIN BELGIUM HOLLAND POLONIA CZECH REPUBLIC GREECE SPAIN PORTUGAL.
ISRAEL The youngest photographer is 26 years old, the elder is 74 years
deep and enormous collaboration, particularly by famous and "aged" photographers
who have greeted this initiative with freshness and confidence.
large enthusiasm and an incredible desire of exchange arrived by young
photographers, yearnings contacts and information from who, as I do,
is living in the difficult world of photography since many years. By
my side, this project gave me an incredible enrichment: the possibility
to see the images and the biographies of many women photographers in
one side provoked me a newborn and collective sense of strength, from
the other side, the comparison between myself and the others, between
what I have done and what I have still to do, has been a stimulus to
replace in argument and to improve just my daily job.
the encounter - even if virtual - with foreign colleagues, shows their
different professional formation and, as consequence, the relief position
that the profession of photographer has in other European countries.
In Italy only young photographers could study photography in schools,
institutes or course of high level (and only in some cities), while
the others are self-taught or have followed as assistants of more expert
photographers. In other european countries nearly all the photographers, and
not only the young ones, have a nourished scholastic curriculum, enriched
from the opportunity to choose several specializations in photographic
field; consequently the photographer job is estimated much mote than
for Jean Ferro/Women In Photography International): till to day in Italy
there are not public schools for photographers.In my town there is a
branch of the University (ART) where there is also a course of photography
(only history of photography), without labs! In Milan and Rome there
are, since 1985, private and expensive school for photographers. In
the secondary schools in Italy photography is not taught, except in
few a secondary schools (Professional courses for graphic design). Because
of that most of italian photographers are self taught persons)
result is therefore an enormous data bank to use both in our inside
than towards the outside: a reflection on what direction is taking photography
(and I do not mean a discussion between the value of "pure photography"
and photography that has taken advantage of the new technologies); then,
on what direction women photographers are going. The idea to organize
a congress, after the presentation of my research, is born from the
need to know us and to exchange experiences and projects for the future.
Another important fact emerges from the census: in how many fields of
photography we are active and, at the same time, a reflection about
how many fields photography concerns (and therefore, like consequence,
how much part of the communication our work concerns).
From the census three groups of photographers emerge:
who operate artistic and personal research, not only a "formal" research,
but a symbolic one: therefore photography as an evocative medium of
inner states of mind or medium to represent ironically the different
kinds or category of women.
engaged on social topics (wars and conflicts / ethnographic and anthropological
researches), operating in Italy or abroad
photographers with different kinds of specialization
the apex of this subdivision there are those photographers who, independently
from the fields in which they are working, produce images that remain
in our memory, photographers who produce art even if their branch is
photojournalism, or make information even if their images are born more
from an existential urgency than from a need of communication.
There is moreover a spin conductor and a continuous interlace between
all the photographers who joint the project.
ones who produce commercial reportage in Italy or abroad, they are
also involved in social problems of the countries in which they operate,
for curiosity, sensibility or social engagement
ones who are engaged in social reportage often collaborate with "politically
correct"advertising campaign (some reporters have collaborated with
Oliviero Toscani's"Fabrica "project, others have supplied their own
images for campaigns such as "United Colors"of Benetton.
ones who are searching their inner world and choose photography to
show it to the other people, often they organize expositions also
for other photographers, pressed by the "urgency" of communication.
- Or the
ones who, taking pictures for art reproductions or working in the
dark room for famous photographers, from their work they receive artistic
factors join us:
rigor of the research
attraction towards the self-portrait
topic of peace (connected with the topic of war) and the daily life
pictures, or the pictures "on the road": an "inside" way to read and
interpret the "outside".
attention towards the other people - that, for a photojournalist,
it is perhaps the deeper implication and less "voyeur " side in her
need of pushing ourselves outside (outside our bodies, outside our
own skin, outside our own culture), towards other women, also for
photographers who don't work only in photojournalism.
photography as a sign to mark our way to exist and to to stay in the
world. Photography as a mean to see the world with our own eyes, or
with the eyes of those women who have not the freedom to show to the
world their way of life. Moreover, the way to see, to observe and to
analyze ours inner world, meant as a reflection about ourselves, our
own physical and biological experience: our own body.
to the census can be divided into:
women photographers ("Ladies" of photography)
professional women photographers
emergent young women photographers.
project have joined 107 photographers.
For each photographer I prepared a form containing:
year of birth / nationality / studies / studies about photography /
year of the beginning of their professional activity/ list of national
and international exposition / list of books published / kind of pictures
(portrait / photojournalism / advertising / still-life / fashion / food,
and so on).
Every photographer sent 3 images in JPG low resolution, as "champion"
of her work..
The images were shown by a video-projection on 25th November.
PROJECT WAS INTRODUCED ON NOVEMBER 25TH, 2000
AT SALA DEI NOTAI, VIA PIGNATTARI 1
(PIAZZA MAGGIORE), BOLOGNA, ITALY
AM: Patrizia Pulga introduced the completed project with a video projection
of the pictures sent by the photographers
FOLLOWING PARTIES ATTENDED:
CNA IMPRESA DONNA (CNA Women's Enterprise): Ms. Alessandra Naldi, President
of the Provincial Comitteee
(European Network for Women's Studies): Mrs. Laura Benigni, Professor
at the Institute of Psychology of CNR, Rome, introduces the topic "Subjectivity
and Women-Eye Technique Behind The Lens"
COMMISSIONE NAZIONALE PER LE PARI OPPORTUNITA' (GOVERNMENT COMMISSION
FOR EQUALI RIGHTS):
Mrs. Maria Grazia Negrini, Ph.D.
Grandi, Professor of "Theory and Technique of Mass Communication",
Communication Sciences, University of Bologna, introduces the topic:
"Photography and Image"
Riccardo Marcialis, photographer, responsible for the professional
training of SIAF (Association of professional photographers), lectures
about professionalism in photography.
Margherita Verdi, photographer, and Mrs Vittoria Ciolini, art-gallery
manager, organizers of the international award for women photographers
"I luoghi della vita",lecture about their initiative.
Giuliana Traverso, photographer, director of the School "Donna Fotografa",
lectures about her 30 years experience as a women's teacher.
Anna Cutrone, photographer, presents the video " 100 years of photography
seen by women" realized by women photographers' group "Athena".
Lanfranco Colombo, photographer and gallery manager, lectures about
international women photographers who had expositions in his gallery
"IL DIAFRAMMA", in Milan during last 30 years.
OF THE PHOTOGRAPHERS WHO JOINED THE CENSUS:
REGIS PIZZETTI (SPAIN)
BERLIN MIRAVETE (SPAIN)
KYNDROVA' (CZECH REPUBLIK)
GARVEY (From U.S.A., she lives in ITALY)
KOELSTRA (From Holland, she lives in FRANCE)
DE ANGELI (ITALY)
PATELLA (Italian, she lives in HOLLAND)
DAL MAGRO (ITALY)
JAKRLOVA' (CZECH REPUBLIK)
KUBIKOVA' (CZECH REPUBLIK)
GREENBERG (from Israel, she lives in ITALY)
FLORES GONZALES-MORO (SPAIN) 5
STRETTIOVA' (CZECH REPUBLIK)
RUDINSKA' (CZECH REPUBLIK)
ANGELA GRAMM (GREECE)
LUCCHI BASILI (ITALY)
COURTNEY-CLARKE (From South Africa, she lives in ITALY)
SPRIO (Italian, she vives in ENGLAND)
BOUTRIT (From France, she lives in ITALY)
SUZUKI (Japanese, she lives in ITALY)
KORTH (German, she lives in ITALY)
CALI' COCUZZA (ITALY)
VAN DEN HEUVEL (HOLLAND)
A HUGE thank you to Patrizia Pulga for being involved with this
project and providing WIPI the information found in this article.
Patrizia is a valuable contributor to the success of women photographers
provided by Patrizia Pulga
MAGAZINES AND NEWSPAPERS REVIEWS:
17/02/2000 and 25/11/2000
RAI 3 TV;
Emilia Romagna Region Channel: 17/02/2000
/ DIRE AGENCY n. 03 on 11/02/2000
DEL CARLINO: 21/11/2000
DI BOLOGNA 23/12/2000